HTML5 仿百度百科右侧导航

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最近想给网站添加了目录功能,方便阅读。我研究了很久不知道放到哪里合适,在 CODE大全 上斟酌了半天,也没有确定是否最终使用,我采用了多种方式实现。今天先给大家分享仿百度百科右侧导航的实现方法。

先看小运行效果:

仿百度百科右侧导航代码

看起来还不错吧,下面是全部实现代码:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>仿百度百科右侧导航代码jquery插件http://www.xttblog.com</title>
    <style>
        html,body,h3{ margin: 0; padding: 0;}
        h2,h3{ height: 500px; margin-bottom: 10px; border: #ddd solid 1px;}
        li{ list-style: none; margin: 0; vertical-align: top;}
        ul{ margin: 0; padding: 0;}

        /*这是百科右侧导航代码的样式表*/
        .directory-nav{position: fixed; right:50px; bottom:40px; padding: 12px 0 20px 32px; display: none;}
        .directory-nav li{height: 34px;line-height: 34px;  position: relative;}
        .directory-nav li a{}
        .directory-nav .l1{ }
        .directory-nav .l2{ text-indent:0.6em;}
        .directory-nav .l1 a{font-size: 16px;}
        .directory-nav .l2 a{font-size: 14px;}
        .directory-nav,.directory-nav a{ color: #666;}
        .directory-nav .cur a{ color: red;}

        .directory-nav .line{ position: absolute; left:4px; top: 5px; bottom: 5px; z-index: 1; width: 2px; background: #ddd;}
        .directory-nav .c-top,.directory-nav .c-bottom{ position: absolute; left: 0; z-index: 2;
            display: block; width: 10px; height: 10px; font-size: 0; line-height: 0;
            background: url(images/directory-nav.png) no-repeat 0 -69px;
        }
        .directory-nav .c-dot{
            position: absolute; left:-32px; top: 50%; z-index: 2; margin-top: -5px;
            display: block; width: 10px; height: 10px; font-size: 0; line-height: 0;
            background: url(images/directory-nav.png) no-repeat -275px 0;
        }

        .directory-nav .c-top{ top: 0}
        .directory-nav .c-bottom{ bottom: 0}
        .directory-nav .cur-tag{
            position: absolute; left: -1px; top:30px; z-index: 5; margin-top: -6px;
            display: block; width: 19px; height: 13px; font-size: 0; line-height: 0;
            background: url(images/directory-nav.png) no-repeat -271px -37px;
            -webkit-transition:top .3s ease 0s;
            transition:top .3s ease 0s;
        }

    </style>
</head>
<body style="padding: 70px;">


<h1>向下滚动,观察右下角 仿百度百科右侧导航代码jquery插件</h1>
<h2>标题一</h2>
    <h3>标题一-1</h3>
    <h3>标题一-2</h3>
    <h3>标题一-3</h3>
<h2>标题二</h2>
    <h3>标题一-1</h3>
    <h3>标题一-2</h3>
    <h3>标题一-3</h3>
<h2>标题三</h2>
<h2>标题四</h2>
<h2>标题五</h2>
<h2>标题六</h2>

<script src="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/jquery/1.11.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script>
    /*
    * 懒人建站 http://www.51xuediannao.com/
    * 仿百度百科右侧导航代码 - 页面目录结构导航 v0.01
    * 只写了两级,无限级别也可以,是逻辑上的级别,html结构全是同一级别
    * 滑标动画用的css3过渡动画,不支持的浏览器就没动画效果了
    * 和百度百科比起来还是比较弱,没有实现右边也可以滚动的功能
    */
    function DirectoryNav($h,config){
        this.opts = $.extend(true,{
            scrollThreshold:0.5,    //滚动检测阀值 0.5在浏览器窗口中间部位
            scrollSpeed:700,        //滚动到指定位置的动画时间
            scrollTopBorder:500,    //滚动条距离顶部多少的时候显示导航,如果为0,则一直显示
            easing: 'swing',        //不解释
            delayDetection:200,     //延时检测,避免滚动的时候检测过于频繁
            scrollChange:function(){}
        },config);
        this.$win = $(window);
        this.$h = $h;
        this.$pageNavList = "";
        this.$pageNavListLis ="";
        this.$curTag = "";
        this.$pageNavListLiH = "";
        this.offArr = [];
        this.curIndex = 0;
        this.scrollIng = false;
        this.init();
    }

    DirectoryNav.prototype = {
        init:function(){
            this.make();
            this.setArr();
            this.bindEvent();
        },
        make:function(){
            //生成导航目录结构,这是根据需求自己生成的。如果你直接在页面中输出一个结构那也挺好不用 搞js
            $("body").append('<div class="directory-nav" id="directoryNav"><ul></ul><span class="cur-tag"></span><span class="c-top"></span><span class="c-bottom"></span><span class="line"></span></div>>');
            var $hs = this.$h,
                $directoryNav = $("#directoryNav"),
                temp = [],
                index1 = 0,
                index2 = 0;
            $hs.each(function(index){
                var $this = $(this),
                        text = $this.text();
                if(this.tagName.toLowerCase()=='h2'){
                    index1++;
                    if(index1%2==0) index2 = 0;
                    temp.push('<li class="l1"><span class="c-dot"></span>'+index1+'. <a class="l1-text">'+text+'</a></li>');
                }else{
                    index2++;
                    temp.push('<li class="l2">'+index1+'.'+index2+' <a class="l2-text">'+text+'</a></li>');

                }
            });
            $directoryNav.find("ul").html(temp.join(""));

            //设置变量
            this.$pageNavList = $directoryNav;
            this.$pageNavListLis = this.$pageNavList.find("li");
            this.$curTag = this.$pageNavList.find(".cur-tag");
            this.$pageNavListLiH = this.$pageNavListLis.eq(0).height();

            if(!this.opts.scrollTopBorder){
                this.$pageNavList.show();
            }
        },
        setArr:function(){
            var This = this;
            this.$h.each(function(){
                var $this = $(this),
                    offT = Math.round($this.offset().top);
                This.offArr.push(offT);
            });
        },
        posTag:function(top){
            this.$curTag.css({top:top+'px'});
        },
        ifPos:function(st){
            var offArr = this.offArr;
            //console.log(st);
            var windowHeight = Math.round(this.$win.height() * this.opts.scrollThreshold);
            for(var i=0;i<offArr.length;i++){
                if((offArr[i] - windowHeight) < st) {
                    var $curLi = this.$pageNavListLis.eq(i),
                        tagTop = $curLi.position().top;
                    $curLi.addClass("cur").siblings("li").removeClass("cur");
                    this.curIndex = i;
                    this.posTag(tagTop+this.$pageNavListLiH*0.5);
                    //this.curIndex = this.$pageNavListLis.filter(".cur").index();
                    this.opts.scrollChange.call(this);
                }
            }
        },
        bindEvent:function(){
            var This = this,
                show = false,
                timer = 0;
            this.$win.on("scroll",function(){
                var $this = $(this);
                clearTimeout(timer);
                timer = setTimeout(function(){
                    This.scrollIng = true;
                    if($this.scrollTop()>This.opts.scrollTopBorder){
                        if(!This.$pageNavListLiH) This.$pageNavListLiH = This.$pageNavListLis.eq(0).height();
                        if(!show){
                            This.$pageNavList.fadeIn();
                            show = true;
                        }
                        This.ifPos( $(this).scrollTop() );
                    }else{
                        if(show){
                            This.$pageNavList.fadeOut();
                            show = false;
                        }
                    }
                },This.opts.delayDetection);
            });

            this.$pageNavList.on("click","li",function(){
                var $this = $(this),
                    index = $this.index();
                This.scrollTo(This.offArr[index]);
            })
        },
        scrollTo: function(offset,callback) {
            var This = this;
            $('html,body').animate({
                scrollTop: offset
            }, this.opts.scrollSpeed, this.opts.easing, function(){
                This.scrollIng = false;
                //修正弹两次回调 蛋疼
                callback && this.tagName.toLowerCase()=='body' && callback();
            });
        }
    };

    //实例化
    var directoryNav = new DirectoryNav($("h2,h3"),{
        scrollTopBorder:0   //滚动条距离顶部多少的时候显示导航,如果为0,则一直显示
    });

</script>
</body>
</html>

全部源码已共享到 百度网盘 :链接:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1gfmkrv1 密码:1qza

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本文原文出处:业余草: » HTML5 仿百度百科右侧导航